W.A. (Sandy) MacColl
Dr. William (Sandy) MacColl was a leader of the cooperative movement and the HMO industry for many years. In the mid-1940s, he was one of the chief negotiators in merging a Seattle-based medical clinic with a far-sighted consumer group in Seattle, forming Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound. In 1946, he joined 12 cooperative groups in setting up the Cooperative Health Federation of America, now Group Health Association of America. MacColl is well known for his publications on cooperative health care, including Group Practice and the Prepayment of Medical Care. In addition, he was one of the original incorporators of the Hood Canal Cooperative, a land use and recreational organization. He was a consultant to numerous fledgling health plans and at the time of the doctors strike in Saskatchewan, he assisted in the development of a cooperative health organization in Prince Albert.